Wouldn't it be nice if you could know exactly what was on your upcoming PPE?
Well, with a little research, you can give yourself a pretty good idea of what to expect so you can prepare yourself accordingly.
In Canada, in order to achieve a P.Eng. or P.Geo. licence, all aspiring engineers or geoscientists must past a Professional Practice Exam (PPE). These are the rules set out by Engineers Canada. It even wrote a guideline on the PPE that's worth a quick glance.
When you write your PPE in Ontario with PEO there are two parts to the exam:
- Part A - Professional Practice & Ethics
- Part B - Law
Within each part are 4 questions. Question 1 for both parts is where you really need to know your definitions. These are short answer questions that ask you to 'briefly define or explain'.
If you want to know what is likely to be asked on your exam for question 1, one strategy is to look at past exam to see if you can see questions repeating. PEO sells old exams on its website and even gives one away for free (but solutions are not provided).
Luckily, in our Ontario PPE Total Prep Course, we have done that for both the short answers and long answers (as well as teach you how to answer them). In this post, I'll share the 5 most frequently appearing Part A (Professional Practice & Ethics) and Part B (Law) definitions.
Download my Ontario PPE Cheat Sheet to get a summarized overview of the key topics and recommended study method.
Top 5 PPE Ontario Ethics Definitions
1. Enforcement - Enforcement is prosecuting individuals or entities that practice engineering without a licence, or offer engineering services to the public without holding a Certificate of Authorization (CofA). For more reading, visit ethics text pg. 53.
2. Consulting Engineer Requirements - Requirements in Ontario are A) Be a licenced P.Eng. in good standing. B) Obtain a Certificate of Authorization (CofA) from PEO or work for a company/partnership with one. C) Have 5+ years of experience beyond the 4 required for registration (2+ years of that experience must be for the private sector.) D) Must have professional liability insurance. Designation of Consulting Engineer expires 5 years from the date of issuance. For more reading, visit ethics text pg. 51, 111.
4. Discipline - List the purpose and when being disciplined, list 3 penalties/sanctions: Purpose is to reprimand, suspend or expel members who are guilty of professional misconduct. Choose 3 of the following A) Revoke the licence. B) Suspend the licence. C) Impose restrictions on the licence (e.g. needs to be supervised.) D) Require the practitioner to pay the cost of the investigation and hearing. E) Require the practitioner to take a course or write examinations set by the Association. G) Impose a fine. For more reading, visit ethics text pg. 52-53, 68-69.
Top 5 PPE Ontario Law Definitions
Here are the most frequently asked terms to define or explain in question 1, part 2 (law):
1. Rule of Contra Proferentem - A contract term that is ambiguous will be interpreted against the party that drafted that provision. For more reading, visit law text pg. 136.
2. Secret Commission - Giving or receiving a bribe or kickback to show favour or disfavor to a person or company. For more reading, visit law text pg. 179-180.
3. Contact A In Tendering (and how it can be breached) - Involves the the ‘tendering phase’ of a contract. Contract A is made when the owner’s offer is accepted by the bidder(s) upon the submission of each compliant bid. Several Contracts A can be formed. The number will equal the amount of compliant tenders submitted. Note: Contract B is the second contract that is formed on an award of the contract. The landmark case of Ron Engineering established this distinction of contracts. For more reading, visit law text pg. 120-128.
4. Discoverability concept (as it relates to limitation periods) - A claim, lawsuit or action for tort or breach of contract must be commenced within a certain timeframe (Limitation Period) for it to be considered by the courts. The discoverability concept defines that the limitation period commences when a claim is discovered, an injury, loss or damage occurs, or the date of which a reasonable person would have discovered the loss/damage. For more reading, visit law text pg. 71-75.
There you have it. 5 ethics and 5 law definitions that you need to memorize and hopefully you'll see a few on your exam.
Now, there are more than 10 frequently appearing definitions that crop up on previous exams. In fact, there are approximately 80 ethics and law terms you really need to memorize. For those who want access to start learning all of these terms through our embedded flash cards and an abundance of practice exam questions, please visit the Ontario PPE Total Prep Online Course page.